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phpMyAdmin 2.4.0-rc1 Documentation



phpMyAdmin can manage a whole MySQL-server (needs a super-user) but also a single database. To accomplish the latter you'll need a properly set up MySQL-user who can read/write only the desired database. It's up to you to look up the appropriate part in the MySQL manual. Currently phpMyAdmin can:

(*)  phpMyAdmin can compress (Zip, GZip -RFC 1952- or Bzip2 formats) dumps and CSV exports if you use PHP4 >= 4.0.4 with Zlib support (--with-zlib) and/or Bzip2 support (--with-bz2).


NOTE: phpMyAdmin does not apply any special security methods to the MySQL database server. It is still the sysadmin's job to grant permissions on the MySQL databases properly. phpMyAdmin's "Users" page can be used for this.

Warning for Mac users:if you are on a MacOS version before OS X, Stuffit unstuffs with Mac formats.
So you'll have to resave as in Bbedit to unix style ALL phpMyAdmin scripts before uploading them to your server, as PHP seems not to like Mac-style end of lines character ("\r").

Documentation warning: when you see in this document a .php3 file extension, please transpose to .php if you are using a kit with files having this extension.

Quick Install:

  1. Choose and download a distribution kit with the files having the extension (.php3 or .php) depending on the way your web/PHP server interprets those extensions.
  2. Untar or unzip the distribution (be sure to unzip the subdirectories): tar xzvf phpMyAdmin_x.x.x.tar.gz in your webserver's document root. If you don't have direct access to your document root, put the files in a directory on your local machine, and, after step 3, transfer the directory on your web server using, for example, ftp.
  3. Open the file in your favourite editor and change the values for host, user, password and authentication mode to fit your environment. Also insert the correct value for $cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri']. Have a look at Configuration section for an explanation of all values.
  4. It is recommended that you protect the directory in which you installed phpMyAdmin (unless it's on a closed intranet, or you wish to use http or cookie authentication), for example with HTTP-AUTH (in a .htaccess file). See the FAQ section for additional information.
  5. Open the file <>/<your-install-dir>/index.php3 in your browser. phpMyAdmin should now display a welcome screen and your databases, or a login dialog if using http or cookie authentication mode.

Upgrading from an older version:

Using authentication modes:

'http' authentication mode:

'cookie' authentication mode:

'config' authentication mode:


Warning for Mac users: php seems not to like Mac end of lines character ("\r"). So ensure you choose the option that allows to use the *nix end of line character ("\n") in your text editor before registering a script you have modified.

All configurable data is placed in

$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] string
Sets here the complete url (with full path) to your phpMyAdmin version. E.g.

phpMyAdmin needs this setting, because of requirements of the HTTP protocol, explained in RFC2616, section 14.30.

Don't forget the slash at the end of your url. The url must contain characters that are valid for a url, and on some servers, the path is case-sensitive.

Starting with version 2.3.0, you can try to leave this parameter empty, because the program tries to auto-detect its proper value. Additional details are in the configuration file.

Alternatively, this setting can be dynamically completed. For example, you can try to use such a kind of code:
$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] = (!empty($_SERVER['HTTPS']) ? 'https' : 'http') . '://'
                       . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST']
                       . (!empty($_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']) ? ':' . $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] : '')
                       . substr($_SERVER['PHP_SELF'], 0, strrpos($_SERVER['PHP_SELF'], '/')+1);


$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] = (!empty($_SERVER['HTTPS']) ? 'https' : 'http') . '://'
                       . $_SERVER['SERVER_NAME']
                       . (!empty($_SERVER['SERVER_PORT']) ? ':' . $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] : '')
                       . substr($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'], 0, strrpos($_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'], '/')+1);
Please note that the $_SERVER array doesn't exist in PHP < 4.1.0. Try to replace $_SERVER by $HTTP_SERVER_VARS or $GLOBALS in this case.

$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri_DisableWarning'] boolean
By default, when you leave $cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] empty, and the system detects your absolute URI automatically, we display a warning to remind you. If you have tested the automatic detection, and it works perfectly for your setup, then you can set this variable to squelch the warning.

$cfg['PmaNoRelation_DisableWarning'] boolean
Starting with version 2.3.0 phpMyAdmin offers a lot of features to work with master / foreign - tables (see $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']).
If you tried to set this up and it does not work for you, have a look on the "Structure" page of one database where you would like to use it. You will find a link that will analyze why those features have been disabled.
If you do not want to use those features set this variable to TRUE to stop this message from appearing.

$cfg['Servers'] array
Since version 1.4.2, phpMyAdmin supports the administration of multiple MySQL servers. Therefore, a $cfg['Servers']-array has been added which contains the login information for the different servers. The first $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] contains the hostname of the first server, the second $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] the hostname of the second server, etc. If you have only one server to administer, simply leave free the hostname of the other $cfg['Server']-entries.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] string
The hostname of your $i-th MySQL-server. E.g. localhost.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port'] string
The port-number of your $i-th MySQL-server. Default is 3306 (leave blank).

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket'] string
The path to the socket to use. Leave blank for default.
To use the socket feature you must run php 3.0.10 or more.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type'] string
What type connection to use with the MySQL server. Your options are 'socket' & 'tcp'. It defaults to 'tcp' as that is nearly guarenteed to be available on all MySQL servers, while sockets are not supported on some platforms.

To use the socket mode, your MySQL server must be on the same machine as the Web server.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress'] boolean
Wheather to use a compressed protocol for the MySQL server connection or not (experimental).
This feature requires PHP >= 4.3.0.
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] string
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] string
When using http or cookie authentication modes (or 'config' authentication mode since phpMyAdmin 2.2.1), you need to supply the details of a MySQL account that has SELECT privilege on the mysql.user (all columns except "Password"), mysql.db (all columns) & mysql.tables_priv (all columns except "Grantor" & "Timestamp") tables. This account is used to check what databases the user will see at login.
Please see the install section on "Using http authentication" for more information.

Note that if you try login to phpMyAdmin with this "controluser", you could get some errors, depending the exact privileges you gave to the "controluser". phpMyAdmin does not support a direct login with the "controluser".

In versions before 2.2.5, those were called "stduser/stdpass".

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] string ['http'|'cookie'|'config']
Whether config or cookie or http authentication should be used for this server.
Please see the install section on "Using authentication modes" for more information.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] string
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] string
The user/password-pair which phpMyAdmin will use to connect to this MySQL-server. This user/password pair is not needed when http or cookie authentication is used, and should be empty.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db'] string or array
If set to a(an array of) database name(s), only this(these) database(s) will be shown to the user. Since phpMyAdmin 2.2.1, this/these database(s) name(s) may contain MySQL wilcards characters ("_" and "%"): if you want to use literal instances of these characters, escape them (ie use 'my\_db' and not 'my_db').
This setting is an efficient way to lower the server charge since the latter does not need to send MySQL requests to build the available database list. But it does not replace the privileges rules of the MySQL database server. If set, it just means only these databases will be displayed but not at all other databases can't be used.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose'] string
Only useful when using phpMyAdmin with multiple server entries. If set, this string will be displayed instead of the hostname in the pulldown menu on the main page. This can be useful if you want to show only certain databases on your system, for example.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] string
Starting with version 2.3.0 phpMyAdmin offers a lot of features to work with master / foreign - tables. To use those as well as the bookmark feature you need special tables with a predefined structure, which we explain below.
If you are the only user of this phpMyAdmin installation, you can use your current database to store those special tables; in this case, just put your current database name in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'].

If you are setting up a multi-user phpMyAdmin installation, you will need to create a new db and setup special privileges, so, as superuser:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable'] string
Since release 2.2.0 phpMyAdmin allows to bookmark queries. This can be useful for queries you often run.

To allow the usage of this functionality you have to:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation'] string
Since release 2.2.4 you can describe, in a special 'relation' table, which field is a key in another table (a foreign key). phpMyAdmin currently uses this to
The keys can be numeric or character.

To allow the usage of this functionality the superuser has to:
Please note that in the current (2.3.0) version, master_db must be the same as foreign_db. Those fields have been put in future development of the cross-db relations.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info'] string
Since release 2.3.0 you can describe, in a special 'table_info' table, which field is to be displayed as a tooltip when moving the cursor over the corresponding key.
This configuration variable will hold the name of this special table. To allow the usage of this functionality the superuser has to:
Usage tip: Display field.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'] string
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] string
Since release 2.3.0 you can have phpMyAdmin create PDF pages showing the relations between your tables. To do this it needs two tables "pdf_pages" (storing information about the available pdf pages) and "table_coords" (storing coordinates where each table will be placed on a PDF schema output).

You must be using the "relation" feature and have a table of PDF pages (see $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages']) to create PDF output.

To allow the usage of this functionality the superuser has to:
Usage tips: PDF output.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_comments'] string
Since release 2.3.0 you can store comments to describe each column for each table. These will then be shown on the "printview".
To allow the usage of this functionality the superuser has to:
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order'] string
If your rule order is empty, then IP authentication is disabled.

If your rule order is set to 'deny,allow' then the system applies all deny rules followed by allow rules. Access is allowed by default. Any client which does not match a Deny command or does match an Allow command will be allowed access to the server.

If your rule order is set to 'allow,deny' then the system applies all allow rules followed by deny rules. Access is denied by default. Any client which does not match an Allow directive or does match a Deny directive will be denied access to the server.

If your rule order is set to 'explicit', the authentication is performed in a similar fashion to rule order 'deny,allow', with the added restriction that your host/username combination must be listed in the allow rules, and not listed in the deny rules. This is the most secure means of using Allow/Deny rules, and was available in Apache by specifying allow and deny rules without setting any order.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] array of strings
The general format for the rules is as such:
      <'allow' | 'deny'> <username> [from] <ipmask>

If you wish to match all users, it is possible to use a '%' as a wildcard in the username field.
There are a few shortcuts you can use in the ipmask field as well:
     'all' ->
     'localhost' ->

Having an empty rule list is equivalent to either using 'allow % from all' if your rule order is set to 'deny,allow' or 'deny % from all' if your rule order is set to 'allow,deny' or 'explicit'.

For the IP matching system, the following work: (an exact IP address)[yyy-zzz] (an IP address range) (CIDR, Classless Inter-Domain Routing type IP addresses)
But the following does not work:[yyy-zzz] (partial IP address range)

$cfg['ServerDefault'] integer
If you have more than one server configured, you can set $cfg['ServerDefault'] to any one of them to autoconnect to that server when phpMyAdmin is started, or set it to 0 to be given a list of servers without logging in.
If you have only one server configured, $cfg['ServerDefault'] MUST be set to that server.

$cfg['OBGzip'] boolean
Defines whether to use gzip output buffering for increased speed in HTTP transfers.

$cfg['PersistentConnections'] boolean
Whether persistent connections should be used or not (mysql_connect or mysql_pconnect).

$cfg['ExecTimeLimit'] integer [number of seconds]
Set the number of seconds a script is allowed to run. If seconds is set to zero, no time limit is imposed.
This setting is used while importing/exporting dump files but has no effect when PHP is running in safe mode.

$cfg['SkipLockedTables'] boolean
Mark used tables and make it possible to show databases with locked tables (since 3.23.30).

$cfg['ShowSQL'] boolean
Defines whether sql-queries generated by phpMyAdmin should be displayed or not.

$cfg['AllowUserDropDatabase'] boolean
Defines whether normal users (non-administrator) are allowed to delete their own database or not. If set as FALSE, the link "Drop Database" will not be shown, and even a "DROP DATABASE mydatabase" will be rejected. Quite practical for ISP's with many customers.

$cfg['Confirm'] boolean
Whether a warning ("Are your really sure..") should be displayed when you're about to loose data.

$cfg['LoginCookieRecall'] boolean
Define whether the previous login should be recalled or not in cookie authentication mode.

$cfg['UseDbSearch'] boolean
Define whether the "search string inside database" is enabled or not.

$cfg['LeftFrameLight'] boolean
Defines whether to use select-based menu and display only the current tables in the left frame (smaller page).

$cfg['ShowTooltip'] boolean
Defines whether to display table comment as tooltip in left frame or not.

$cfg['ShowStats'] boolean
Defines whether to display space usage and statistics about databases and tables or not.
Note that statistics requires at least MySQL 3.23.3 and that, at this date, MySQL doesn't return such information for Berkeley DB tables.

$cfg['ShowMysqlInfo'] boolean
$cfg['ShowMysqlVars'] boolean
$cfg['ShowPhpInfo'] boolean
$cfg['ShowChgPassword'] boolean
Defines whether to display the "MySQL runtime information", "MySQL system variables", "PHP information" and "Change password " links or not for simple users at the starting main (right) frame. This setting does not check MySQL commands entered directly.

Please note that to block the usage of phpinfo() in scripts, you have to put this in your php.ini:
    disable_functions = phpinfo()

Also note that enabling the "Change password " link has no effect with "config" authentication mode: because of the hard coded password value in the configuration file, end users can't be allowed to change their passwords.

$cfg['SuggestDBName'] boolean
Defines whether to suggest a database name on the "Create Database" form or to keep the textfield empty.

$cfg['ShowBlob'] boolean
Defines whether BLOB fields are shown when browsing a table's content or not.

$cfg['NavigationBarIconic'] boolean
Defines whether navigation bar buttons contain text or symbols only.

$cfg['ShowAll'] boolean
Defines whether an user should be displayed a "show all (records)" button in browse mode or not.

$cfg['MaxRows'] integer
Number of rows displayed when browsing a resultset. If the resultset contains more rows, Previous/Next links will be shown.

$cfg['Order'] string [DESC|ASC|SMART]
Defines whether fields are displayed in ascending (ASC) order, in descending (DESC) order or in a "smart" (SMART) order -ie descending order for fields of type TIME, DATE, DATETIME & TIMESTAMP, ascending order else- by default.

$cfg['ProtectBinary'] boolean or string
Defines whether BLOB or BINARY fields are protected from edition when browsing a table's content or not. Valid values are:
- FALSE to allow edition of all fields;
- blob to allow edition of all fields except BLOBS;
- all to disallow edition of all BINARY or BLOB fields.

$cfg['ShowFunctionFields'] boolean
Defines whether MySQL functions fields should be displayed or not in edit/insert mode.

$cfg['CharEditing'] string
Defines which type of editing controls should be used for CHAR and VARCHAR fields. Possible values are: Default is old behavior so input.

$cfg['ZipDump'] boolean
$cfg['GZipDump'] boolean
$cfg['BZipDump'] boolean
Defines whether to allow the use of zip/gzip/bzip compression when creating a dump file or not.

$cfg['DefaultTabDatabase'] string
Defines the tab displayed by default on database view. Possible values: "db_details_structure.php3", "db_details.php3" or "db_search.php3".

$cfg['DefaultTabTable'] string
Defines the tab displayed by default on table view. Possible values: "tbl_properties_structure.php3", "tbl_properties.php3", "tbl_select.php3" or "tbl_change.php3".

$cfg['MySQLManualBase'] string
If set to an URL which points to the MySQL documentation (type depends on $cfg['MySQLManualType']), appropriate help links are generated.
See MySQL Documentation page for more information about MySQL manuals and their types.

$cfg['MySQLManualType'] string
Type of MySQL documentation:

$cfg['DefaultLang'] string
Defines the default language to use, if not browser-defined or user-defined.
See the script to know the valid values for this setting.

$cfg['Lang'] string
Force: always use this language (must be defined in the script).

$cfg['DefaultCharset'] string
Default charset to use for recoding of MySQL queries. This must be enabled and it's described by $cfg['AllowAnywhereRecoding'] option.
You can give here any charset which is in $cfg['AvailableCharsets'] array and this is just default choice, user can select any of them.

$cfg['AllowAnywhereRecoding'] boolean
Allow charset recoding of MySQL queries. You need recode or iconv support (compiled in or module) in php to allow MySQL queries recoding and used language file must have it enabled (by default only these which are in unicode, just to avoid losing some characters).

$cfg['RecodingEngine'] string
You can select here which functions will be used for charset conversion. Possible values are:
Default is auto.

$cfg['AvailableCharsets'] array
Available charsets for MySQL conversion. You can add your own (any of supported by recode/iconv) or remove these which you don't use. Charsets will be shown in same order as here listed, so if you frequently use some of these move them to the top.

$cfg['LeftWidth'] integer
Left frame width in pixel.

$cfg['LeftBgColor'] string [HTML color]
$cfg['RightBgColor'] string [HTML color]
The background colors (HTML) used for both the frames.

$cfg['RightBgImage'] string
The URI of the background image used for the right frame. It can be absolute as well as relative from your phpMyAdmin directory.
$cfg['LeftPointerColor'] string [HTML color]
The color (HTML) used for the pointer in the left frame (does not work with NS4).

$cfg['Border'] integer
The size of a table's border.

$cfg['ThBgcolor'] string [HTML color]
The color (HTML) used for table headers.

$cfg['BgcolorOne'] string [HTML color]
The color (HTML) #1 for table rows.

$cfg['BgcolorTwo'] string [HTML color]
The color (HTML) #2 for table rows.

$cfg['BrowsePointerColor'] string [HTML color]
$cfg['BrowseMarkerColor'] string [HTML color]
The colors (HTML) uses for the pointer and the marker in browse mode (does not work with NS4).
The former feature highlights the row over which your mouse is passing and the latter lets you visually mark/unmark rows by clicking on them.
You can disable both of these features by emptying the respective directive.

$cfg['TextareaCols'] integer
$cfg['TextareaRows'] integer
$cfg['CharTextareaCols'] integer
$cfg['CharTextareaRows'] integer
Number of columns and rows for the textareas.
This value will be emphasized (*2) for sql query textareas.
The Char* values are used for CHAR and VARCHAR editing (if configured via $cfg['CharEditing']).

$cfg['TextareaAutoSelect'] boolean
Defines if the whole textarea of the query box will be selected on click.

$cfg['LimitChars'] integer
Maximal number of Chars showed in a TEXT OR a BLOB field on browse view. Can be turned off by a toggle button on the browse page.

$cfg['ModifyDeleteAtLeft'] boolean
$cfg['ModifyDeleteAtRight'] boolean
Defines the place where modify and delete links would be put when tables contents are displayed (you may have them displayed both at the left and at the right). "Left" and "right" are parsed as "top" and "bottom" with vertical display mode.

$cfg['DefaultDisplay'] string
There are 2 display modes: horizontal and vertical. Define which one is displayed by default.

$cfg['UploadDir'] string
The name of the directory, ending with a slash, where SQL files have been uploaded by other means than phpMyAdmin (for example, ftp). Those files are available under a drop-down box when you click the database name, then the SQL tab.

Please note that the file names must have the suffix ".sql".

This feature is useful when your file is too big to be uploaded via HTTP, or when file uploads are disabled in PHP.

Please note that if PHP is running in safe mode, this directory must be owned by the same user as the owner of the phpMyAdmin scripts.

$cfg['RepeatCells'] integer
Repeat the headers every X cells, or 0 to deactivate.

$cfg['SQP']['enable'] boolean
As of phpMyAdmin 2.3.0, we now have a fully functional SQL Parser system. It is enabled by default, as it is used to format the SQL queries.
As of 2.3.1, it will become an integral part of phpMyAdmin, as it will analyze certain queries to improve the behavior of phpMyAdmin. But as it is very new, and not yet heavily used, we offer you an option to turn it off.

$cfg['SQP']['fmtType'] string [html|none]
The main use of the new SQL Parser is to pretty-print SQL queries. By default we use HTML to format the query, but you can disable this by setting this varible to 'none'

$cfg['SQP']['fmtInd'] float
$cfg['SQP']['fmtIndUnit'] string [em|px|pt|ex]
For the pretty-printing of SQL queries, under some cases the part of a query inside a bracket is indented. By changing $cfg['SQP']['fmtInd'] you can change the amount of this indent.
Related in purpose is $cfg['SQP']['fmtIndUnit'] which specifies the units of the indent amount that you specified. This is used via stylesheets.

$cfg['SQP']['fmtColor'] array of string tuples
This array is used to define the colours for each type of element of the pretty-printed SQL queries. The tuple format is
class => [HTML colour code | empty string]
If you specify an empty string for the color of a class, it is ignored in creating the stylesheet. You should not alter the class names, only the colour strings.
Class name key:

$cfg['SQLValidator']['use'] boolean
phpMyAdmin now supports use of the Mimer SQL Validator service, as originally published on Slashdot.
For help in setting up your system to use the service, see the FAQ #6.14.

$cfg['SQLValidator']['username'] string
$cfg['SQLValidator']['password'] string
The SOAP service allows you to login with anonymous and any password, so we use those by default.. Instead, if you have an account with them, you can put your login details here, and it will be used in place of the anonymous login.

$cfg['DBG']['enable'] boolean
Enable the DBG extension for debugging phpMyAdmin. Required for profiling the code.
For help in setting up your system to this, see the Developers section.
$cfg['DBG']['profile']['enable'] boolean
Enable profiling support for phpMyAdmin. This will append a chunk of data to the end of every page displayed in the main window with profiling statistics for that page.
You may need need to increase the maximum execution time for this to complete successfully.
$cfg['DBG']['profile']['threshold'] float (units in milliseconds)
When profiling data is displayed, this variable controls the threshold of display for any profiling data, based on the average time each time has taken. If it is over the threshold it is displayed, otherwise it is not displayed. This takes a value in milliseconds. In most cases you don't need to edit this.
$cfg['ColumnTypes'] array
All possible types of a MySQL column. In most cases you don't need to edit this.

$cfg['AttributeTypes'] array
Possible attributes for fields. In most cases you don't need to edit this.

$cfg['Functions'] array
A list of functions MySQL supports. In most cases you don't need to edit this.

FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions

Server  -  Configuration  -  Limitations  -  Multi-user  -  Browsers  -  Usage tips  -  Project

[1. Server]

[1.1] I'm running php 4+ and my server is crashing each time a specific action is required or phpMyAdmin sends a blank page or a page full of cryptic characters to my browser, what can I do

There are some known php bugs with output buffering and compression.
Try to set the $cfg['OBGzip'] directive to FALSE in your or .php3 file and the zlib.output_compression directive to Off in your php configuration file.
Furthermore, we know about such problems connected to the release candidates of php 4.2.0 (tested with php 4.2.0 RC1 to RC4) together with MS Internet Explorer. Please upgrade to the release version php 4.2.0.

[1.2] My Apache server crashes when using phpMyAdmin

You should first try the latest versions of Apache (and possibly MySQL).
See also the other FAQ entry about php bugs with output buffering.
If your server keeps crashing, please ask for help in the various Apache support groups.

[1.3] I'm running phpMyAdmin with "cookie" authentication mode under PHP 4.2.0 or 4.2.1 loaded as an Apache 2+ module but can't enter the script: I'm always displayed the login screen

This is a known PHP bug (see this bug report) from the official php bug database. It means there is and won't be any phpMyAdmin fix against it because there is no way to code a fix.

[1.4] Using phpMyAdmin on IIS, I'm displayed the error message: "The specified CGI application misbehaved by not returning a complete set of HTTP headers...."

You just forgot to read the install.txt file from the php distribution. Have a look at the last message in this bug report from the official php bug database.

[1.5] Using phpMyAdmin on IIS, I'm facing crashes and/or many error messages with the http or advanced authentication mode

This is a known problem with the php ISAPI filter: it's not so stable. For some more information and complete testings see the messages posted by André B. aka "djdeluxe76" in this thread from the phpWizard forum.
Please use instead the cookie authentication mode.

[1.6] I can't use phpMyAdmin on PWS: nothing is displayed!

This seems to be a PWS bug. Filippo Simoncini found a workaroud (at this time there is no better fix): remove or comment the DOCTYPE declarations (2 lines) from the scripts,, index.php3, left.php3 and libraries/common.lib.php3.

[1.7] How can I GZip or Bzip a dump or a CSV export. It seems to not work

These features are based on the gzencode() and bzcompress() php functions to be more independent of the platform (Unix/Windows, Safe Mode or not, and so on). So, you must have PHP4 >= 4.0.4 and Zlib/Bzip2 support (--with-zlib and --with-bz2).
We faced php crashes when trying to download a dump with MS Internet Explorer when phpMyAdmin is run with a release candidate of php 4.2.0. In this case you should switch to the release version of php 4.2.0.

[1.8] I cannot insert a text file in a table, and I get an error about safe mode being in effect

Your uploaded file is saved by PHP in the "upload dir", as defined in php.ini by the variable upload_tmp_dir (usually the system default is /tmp).
We recommend the following setup for Apache servers running in safe mode, to enable uploads of files while being reasonably secure:

[1.9] I'm having troubles when uploading files. In general file uploads don't work on my system and uploaded files have a Content-Type: header in the first line

It's not really phpMyAdmin related but RedHat 7.0. You have a RedHat 7.0 and you updated your php rpm to php-4.0.4pl1-3.i386.rpm, didn't you?
So the problem is that this package has a serious bug that was corrected ages ago in php (2001-01-28: see php's bug tracking system for more details). The problem is that the bugged package is still available though it was corrected (see redhat's bugzilla for more details).
So please download the fixed package (4.0.4pl1-9) and the problem should go away.
And that fixes the \r\n problem with file uploads!

[1.10] I'm having troubles when uploading files with phpMyAdmin running on a secure server. My browser is Internet Explorer and I'm using the Apache server

As suggested by "Rob M" in the phpWizard forum, add this line to your httpd.conf:
    SetEnvIf User-Agent ".*MSIE.*" nokeepalive ssl-unclean-shutdown
It seems to clear up many problems between IE and SSL.

[1.11] I get an 'open_basedir restriction' while uploading a file from the query box

Since version 2.2.4, phpMyAdmin supports servers with open_basedir restrictions. Assuming that the restriction allows you to open files in the current directory ('.'), all you have to do is create a 'tmp' directory under the phpMyAdmin install directory, with permissions 777 and the same owner as the owner of your phpMyAdmin directory. The uploaded files will be moved there, and after execution of your SQL commands, removed.

[1.12] I have lost my MySQL root password, what can I do

The MySql manual explains how to reset the permissions.

[1.13] I get an error 'No SQL query' when trying to execute a bookmark

If PHP does not have read/write access to its upload_tmp_dir, it cannot access the uploaded query.

[1.14] I get an error 'No SQL query' when trying to submit a query from the convenient text area

Check the post_max_size directive from your php configuration file and try to increase it.

[1.15] I have problems with mysql.user field names

In older MySQL versions, the User and Password fields were named user and password. Please modify your field names to align with current standards.

[1.16] I cannot upload big dump files

The first things to check (or ask your host provider to check) are the values of upload_max_filesize, memory_limit and post_max_size in the php.ini configuration file.
All of these three settings limit the maximum size of data that can be submitted and handled by php. One user also said that post_max_size and memory_limit need to be larger than upload_max_filesize.

[1.17] Does phpMyAdmin support MySQL 4

MySQL 4 is not yet fully supported by phpMyAdmin.
Because of MySQL 4's backwards compatibility you can use phpMyAdmin for administering MySQL 4 servers, but phpMyAdmin does not yet support its new features. Please notice that in this case it is recommended to use php >= 4.1 since older versions of php are not compatible to MySQL 4.
Furthermore, several users reported problems with phpMyAdmin related to bugs in MySQL 4. MySQL 4 is still a beta release and should be used for test purposes only! Because of a major change in the definition syntax of string field types, this version of phpMyAdmin probably won't work correctly with MySQL >= 4.1.0! We will work on the support as soon as MySQL 4.1.0 is released.

[1.18] I'm running MySQL <= 4.0.1 having lower_case_table_names set to 1. If I create a new table with a capital letter in its name it is changed to lowercase as it should. But if I try to DROP this table MySQL is unable to find the corresponding file

This is a bug of MySQL <= 4.0.1. Please upgrade to at least MySQL 4.0.2 or turn off your lower_case_table_names directive.

[1.19] I can't run the "display relations" feature because the script seems not to know the font face I'm using!

The "FPDF" library we're using for this feature requires some special files to use font faces.
Please refers to the FPDF manual to build these files.

[1.20] I receive the error "cannot load MySQL extension, please check PHP Configuration"

To connect to a MySQL server, PHP needs a set of MySQL functions called "MySQL extension". This extension may be part of the PHP server (compiled-in), otherwise it needs to be loaded dynamically. Its name is probably or mysql.dll. phpMyAdmin tried to load the extension but failed.

Usually, the problem is solved by installing a software package called "PHP-MySQL" or something similar.

[1.21] I am running the CGI version of PHP under Unix, and I cannot login using cookie auth

In php.ini, set mysql.max_links higher than 1.

[1.22] I don't see the "Location of text file" field, so I cannot upload

This is most likely because in php.ini, your file_uploads parameter is not set to "on".

[1.23] I'm running MySQL on a Win32 machine. Each time I create a new table the table and field names are changed to lowercase!

This happens because the MySQL directive lower_case_table_names defaults to 1 (ON) in the Win32 version of MySQL. You can change this behavior by simply changing the directive to 0 (OFF):
Just edit you my.ini file that should be located in your Windows directory and add the following line:
Next, save the file and restart the MySQL service. You can always check the value of this directive using the query
SHOW VARIABLES LIKE 'lower_case_table_names';

[1.24] Some characters are being truncated in my queries, or I get characters randomly added. I am running PHP 4.2.3

This is a PHP 4.2.3 bug.

[1.25] I am running Apache with mod_gzip- on Windows XP, and I get problems, such as undefined variables when I run a SQL query

A tip from Jose Fandos: put a comment on the following two lines in httpd.conf, like this:
# mod_gzip_item_include file \.php$
# mod_gzip_item_include mime "application/x-httpd-php.*"
as this version of mod_gzip on Apache (Windows) has problems handling php scripts. Of course you have to restart Apache.

[1.26] I just installed phpMyAdmin in my document root of IIS but I get the error "No input file specified" when trying to run phpMyAdmin.

This is a permission problem. Right-click on the phpmyadmin folder and choose properties. Under the tab Security, click on "Add" and select the user "IUSER_machine" from the list. Now set his permissions and it should work.

[1.27] I get empty page when I want to view huge page (eg. db_details_structure.php3 with plenty of dabases)

This is a PHP bug that occur when GZIP output buffering enabled. If you turn off it (by $cfg['OBGzip'] = FALSE in, it should work. This bug will be fixed in PHP 5.0.0.

[2. Configuration]

[2.1] The error message "Warning: Cannot add header information - headers already sent by ..." is displayed, what's the problem

Edit your or .php3 file and ensure there is nothing (ie no blank lines, no spaces, no characters...) neither before the <?php tag at the beginning, neither after the ?> tag at the end.

[2.2] phpMyAdmin can't connect to MySQL. What's wrong

Either there is an error with your PHP setup or your username/password is wrong. Try to make a small script which uses mysql_connect and see if it works. If it doesn't, it may be you haven't even compiled MySQL support into PHP.

[2.3] The error message "Warning: MySQL Connection Failed: Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (111)..." is displayed. What can I do

For RedHat users, Harald Legner suggests this on the mailing list:

On my RedHat-Box the socket of mysql is /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock. In your php.ini you will find a line
    mysql.default_socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
change it to
    mysql.default_socket = /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
Then restart apache and it will work.

Here is a fix suggested by Brad Ummer in the phpwizard forum:

Have also a look at the corresponding section of the MySQL documentation.

[2.4] Nothing is displayed by my browser when I try to run phpMyAdmin, what can I do

Try to set the $cfg['OBGZip'] directive to FALSE in the phpMyAdmin configuration file. It helps sometime.
Also have a look at your php version number: if it contains "4.0b..." it means you're running a beta version of PHP. That's not a so good idea, please upgrade to a plain revision.

[2.5] Each time I want to insert or change a record or drop a database or a table, an error 404 (page not found) is displayed or, with http or cookie authentication, I'm asked to login again. What's wrong

Check the value you set for the $cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] directive in the phpMyAdmin configuration file.

[3. Known limitations]

[3.1] When using http authentication, an user who logged out can not relog in with the same nick

This is related to the authentication mechanism (protocol) used by phpMyAdmin. We plan to change it as soon as we may find enough free time to do it, but you can bypass this problem: just close all the opened browser windows and then go back to phpMyAdmin. You should be able to logs in again.

[3.2] When dumping a large table in compressed mode, I get a memory limit error or a time limit error

As of version 2.2.4, we build the compressed dump in memory, so large tables dumps may hang. The only alternative we can think about (using system calls to mysqldump then gzip or bzip2) would not be applicable in environments where PHP is in safe mode: access to system programs is is limited by the system administrator, and time limit is enforced.

[3.3] With InnoDB tables, I lose foreign key relationships when I rename or alter a table

This seems to be a InnoDB bug (fixed in MySQL 3.23.50?). However, keep in mind that phpMyAdmin as of version 2.3.0 does not support InnoDB.

[3.4] I am unable to import dumps I created with the mysqldump tool bundled with the MySQL server distribution

The problem is that mysqldump creates invalid comments like this:

-- MySQL dump 8.22
-- Host: localhost Database: database
-- Server version 3.23.54

The invalid part of the code is the horizontal line made of dashes that appears once in every dump created with mysqldump. If you want to run your dump you have to turn it into valid MySQL. This means, you have to add a whitespace after the first to dashes of the line or add a # before it:
-- -------------------------------------------------------

[4. ISPs, multi-user installations ]

[4.1] I'm an ISP. Can I setup one central copy of phpMyAdmin or do I need to install it for each customer

Since version 2.0.3, you can setup a central copy of phpMyAdmin for all your users. The development of this feature was kindly sponsored by NetCologne GmbH. This requires a properly setup MySQL user management and phpMyAdmin http or cookie authentication. See the install section on "Using http authentication".

[4.2] What's the preferred way of making phpMyAdmin secure against evil access

This depends on your system.
If you're running a server which cannot be accessed by other people, it's sufficient to use the directory protection bundled with your webserver (with Apache you can use .htaccess files, for example).
If other people have telnet access to your server, you should use phpMyAdmin's http authentication feature.


[4.3] I get errors about not being able to include a file in /lang or in /libraries

Check php.ini, or ask your sysadmin to check it. The include_path must contain "." somewhere in it, and open_basedir, if used, must contain "." and "./lang" to allow normal operation of phpMyAdmin.

[4.4] phpMyAdmin always gives "Access denied" when using http authentication

This could happen for several reasons:

[4.5] Is it possible to let users create their own databases

Starting with 2.2.5, in the user management page, you can enter a wildcard database name for a user, and put the privileges you want. For example, adding SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE, CREATE, DROP, INDEX, ALTER would let a user create/manage his/her database(s).

[4.6] How can I use the Host-based authentication additions

If you have existing rules from an old .htaccess file, you can take them and add a username between the 'deny'/'allow' and 'from' strings. Using the username wildcard of '%' would be a major benefit here if your installation is suited to using it. Then you can just add those updated lines into the $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] array.

If you want a pre-made sample, you can try this fragment. It stops the 'root' user from logging in from any networks other than the private network IP blocks.
    //block root from logging in except from the private networks
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order'] = 'deny,allow';
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] = array(
        'deny root from all',
        'allow root from localhost',
        'allow root from',
        'allow root from',
        'allow root from',

[5. Browsers or client OS]

[5.1] I get an out of memory error, and my controls are non-functional, when trying to create a table with more than 14 fields

We could reproduce this problem only under Win98/98SE. Testing under WinNT4 or Win2K, we could easily create more than 60 fields.
A workaround is to create a smaller number of fields, then come back to your table properties and add the other fields.

[5.2] With Xitami 2.5b4, phpMyAdmin won't process form fields

This is not a phpMyAdmin problem but a Xitami known bug: you'll face it with each script/website that use forms.
Upgrade or downgrade your Xitami server.

[5.3] I have problems dumping tables with Konqueror (phpMyAdmin 2.2.2)

With Konqueror 2.1.1: plain dumps, zip and gzip dumps work ok, except that the proposed file name for the dump is always 'tbl_dump.php'. Bzip2 dumps don't seem to work.
With Konqueror 2.2.1: plain dumps work; zip dumps are placed into the user's temporary directory, so they must be moved before closing Konqueror, or else they disappear. Gzip dumps give an error message.
Testing needs to be done for Konqueror 2.2.2.

[5.4] I can't use the cookie authentication mode because Internet Explorer never stores the cookies

MS Internet Explorer seems to be really buggy about cookies, at least till version 6. And thanks to Andrew Zivolup we've traced also a php 4.1.1 bug in this area!
Then, if you're running php 4.1.1, try to upgrade or downgrade... it may work!

[5.5] In Internet Explorer 5.0, I get Javascript errors when browsing my rows

Upgrade to at least Internet Explorer 5.5SP2.

[5.6] In Internet Explorer 5.0, 5.5 or 6.0, I get an error when trying to modify a row in a table with many fields, or with a text field

Your table neither have a primary key nor an unique one, so we must use a long URL to identify this row. There is a limit on the lenght of the URL in those browsers, and this not happen in Netscape, for example. The workaround is to create a primary or unique key, or use another browser.

[5.7] I refresh (reload) my browser, and come back to the welcome page

Some browsers support right-clicking into the frame you want to refresh, just do this in the right frame.

[5.8] With Mozilla 0.9.7 I have problems sending a query modified in the query box

Looks like a Mozilla bug: 0.9.6 was ok. We will keep an eye on future Mozilla versions.

[5.9] With Mozilla 0.9.? to 1.0 and Netscape 7.0-PR1 I can't type a whitespace in the SQL-Query edit area: the page scrolls down

This is a Mozilla bug (see bug #26882 at Bugzilla).

[5.10] With Netscape 4.75 I get empty rows between each row of data in a CSV exported file

This is a known Netscape 4.75 bug: it adds some line feeds when exporting data in octet-stream mode. Since we can't detect the specific Netscape version, we cannot workaround this bug.

[5.11] Extended-ASCII characters like German umlauts are displayed wrong

Please ensure that you have set your browser's charset to the one of the language file you have selected on phpMyAdmin's start page. Alternatively, you can try the auto detection mode that is supported by the recent versions of the most browsers.

[5.12] Apple OS X: Safari browser changes special characters to "?"

This issue has been reported by a OS X user, who adds that Chimera, Netscape and Mozilla do not have this problem.

[6. Using phpMyAdmin]

[6.1] I can't insert new rows into a table / I can't create a table - MySQL brings up a SQL-error

Examine the SQL error with care. Often the problem is caused by specifying a wrong field-type.
Common errors include:

Also, look at the syntax chapter in the MySQL manual to confirm that your syntax is correct.

[6.2] When I create a table, I click the Index checkbox for 2 fields and phpMyAdmin generates only one index with those 2 fields

In phpMyAdmin 2.2.0 and 2.2.1, this is the way to create a multi-fields index. If you want two indexes, create the first one when creating the table, save, then display the table properties and click the Index link to create the other index.

[6.3] How can I insert a null value into my table

Since version 2.2.3, you have a checkbox for each field that can be null. Before 2.2.3, you had to enter "null", without the quotes, as the field's value.

[6.4] How can I backup my database or table

Click on a database or table name in the left frame, the properties will be displayed. Then on the menu, click "Export", you can dump the structure, the data, or both. This will generate standard SQL statements that can be used to recreate your database/table.

You will need to choose "Save as file", so that phpMyAdmin can transmit the resulting dump to your station. Depending on your PHP configuration, you will see options to compress the dump. See also the $cfg['ExecTimeLimit'] configuration variable.

For additional help on this subject, look for the word "dump" in this document.

[6.5] How can I restore (upload) my database or table using a dump? How can I run a ".sql" file

Click on a database name in the left frame, the properties will be local displayed. Then in the "Run SQL query" section, type in your dump filename, or use the Browse button. Then click Go.

For additional help on this subject, look for the word "upload" in this document.

[6.6] How can I use the relation table in Query-by-example

Here is an example with the tables persons, towns and countries, all located in the database mydb. If you don't have a PMA_relation table, create it as explained in the configuration section. Then create the example tables:

     CREATE TABLE REL_countries (
       country_code char(1) NOT NULL default '',
       description varchar(10) NOT NULL default '',
       PRIMARY KEY (country_code)
     ) TYPE=MyISAM;

     INSERT INTO REL_countries VALUES ('C', 'Canada');

     CREATE TABLE REL_persons (
       id tinyint(4) NOT NULL auto_increment,
       person_name varchar(32) NOT NULL default '',
       town_code varchar(5) default '0',
       country_code char(1) NOT NULL default '',
       PRIMARY KEY (id)
     ) TYPE=MyISAM;

     INSERT INTO REL_persons VALUES (11, 'Marc', 'S', '');
     INSERT INTO REL_persons VALUES (15, 'Paul', 'S', 'C');

     CREATE TABLE REL_towns (
       town_code varchar(5) NOT NULL default '0',
       description varchar(30) NOT NULL default '',
       PRIMARY KEY (town_code)
     ) TYPE=MyISAM;

     INSERT INTO REL_towns VALUES ('S', 'Sherbrooke');
     INSERT INTO REL_towns VALUES ('M', 'Montréal');

To setup appropriate links and display information:

Then test like this:

[6.7] How can I use the "display field" feature

Starting from the previous example, create the PMA_table_info as explained in the configuration section, then browse your persons table, and move the mouse over a town code or country code.

[6.8] How can I produce a PDF schema of my database

First you have to fill the "relation", "table_coords" and "pdf_pages" configuration variables.

Then, think about your schema layout: which tables will go on which pages.

[6.9] phpMyAdmin is changing the type of one of my columns!

No, it's MySQL that is doing silent column type changing.

[6.10] My database has an underscore in it's name, and when I grant privileges to a user for this database, a backslash is added before the underscore

This is normal and means that the grant is done only for this database. If there was no backslash, this would be a wildcard grant, and the underscore would mean "any character". So, if the database name is "john_db", the user would get rights to john1db, john2db... instead of just john_db.

If you really want to grant using a wildcard, there is a dialog box " Database (wildcards allowed)" for this.

[6.11] What is the curious symbol ø in the table statistics

It means "average".

[6.12] I want to understand some Export options

"Complete inserts" adds the column names on every INSERT command, for better documentation (but resulting file is bigger).
"Extended inserts" provides a shorter dump file by using only once the INSERT verb and the table name.
"Enclose table and field names with backquotes" ensures that field and table names formed with special characters are protected.

[6.13] I would like to create a database with a dot in its name

This is a bad idea, because in MySQL the syntax "database.table" is the normal way to reference a database and table name. Worse, MySQL will usually let you create a database with a dot, but then you cannot work with it, nor delete it.

[6.14] How do I set up the SQL validator

To use it, you need a very recent version of PHP, 4.3.0 recommended, with XML, PCRE and PEAR support. On your system command line, run "pear install Net_Socket Net_URL HTTP_Request Mail_Mime Net_DIME SOAP" to get the nessecary PEAR modules for usage.
If you use it, you should be aware that any SQL statement you submit will be stored anonymously (database/table/column names, strings, numbers replaced with generic values). The Mimer SQL Validator itself, is © 2001 Upright Database Technology. We utilize it as free SOAP service.

[6.15] I want to add a BLOB field and put an index on it, but MySQL says "BLOB column '...' used in key specification without a key length"

The right way to do this, is to create the field without any indexes, then display the table structure and use the "Create an index" dialog. On this page, you will be able to choose your BLOB field, and set a size to the index, which is the condition to create an index on a BLOB field.

[6.16] How can I simply move in page with plenty editing fields

You can use Ctrl+arrows for moving on most pages with plenty editing fields (table structure changes, row editing, etc.).

[7. phpMyAdmin project]

[7.1] I have found a bug. How do I inform developers

Our Bug Tracker is located at under the Bugs section.

But please first discuss your bug with other users: (and choose Forums)

[7.2] I want to translate the messages to a new language or upgrade an existing language, where do I start

Always use the current cvs version of your language file. For a new language, start from If you don't know how to get the cvs version, please ask one of the developers.
Please note that we try not to use html entities like &eacute; in the translations, since we define the right character set in the file. With html entities, the text on buttons would not display correctly.
You can then put your translations, as a zip file to avoid losing special characters, on the translation tracker.
It would be a good idea to subscribe to the phpmyadmin-translators mailing list, because this is where we ask for translations of new messages.

[7.3] I would like to help out with the development of phpMyAdmin. How should I proceed

The following method is preferred for new developers:

  1. fetch the current CVS tree over anonymous CVS:
    cvs login
    [Password: simply press the Enter key]
    cvs -z3 checkout phpMyAdmin
    [This will create a new sub-directory named phpMyAdmin]
  2. add your stuff
  3. put the modified files (tar'ed and gzip'ed) inside the patch tracker of the phpMyAdmin SourceForge account.

Write access to the CVS tree is granted only to experienced developers who have already contributed something useful to phpMyAdmin.
Also, have a look at the Developers section.

Developers Information

phpMyAdmin is Open Source, so you're invited to contribute to it. Many great features have been written by other people and you too can help to make phpMyAdmin a useful tool.

If you're planning to contribute source, please read the following information:


phpMyAdmin - Credits

CREDITS, in chronological order

- Tobias Ratschiller <>
    * creator of the phpmyadmin project
    * maintainer from 1998 to summer 2000

- Marc Delisle <>
    * multi-language version
    * various fixes and improvements
    * project co-administrator

- Olivier Müller <>
    * started SourceForge phpMyAdmin project in March 2001
    * sync'ed different existing CVS trees with new features and bugfixes
    * multi-language improvements, dynamic language selection
    * current project maintainer
    * many bugfixes and improvements

- Loïc Chapeaux <>
    * rewrote and optimized javascript, DHTML and DOM stuff
    * rewrote the scripts so they fit the PEAR coding standards and
      generate XHTML1.0 and CSS2 compliant codes
    * improved the language detection system
    * many bugfixes and improvements

- Robin Johnson <>
    * database maintence controls
    * table type code
    * Host authentication IP Allow/Deny
    * DB-based configuration (Not completed)
    * SQL parser
    * SQL validator
    * many bugfixes and improvements

- Armel Fauveau <>
    * bookmarks feature
    * multiple dump feature
    * gzip dump feature
    * zip dump feature

- Geert Lund <>
    * various fixes
    * moderator of the phpMyAdmin users forum at

- Korakot Chaovavanich <>
    * "insert as new row" feature

- Pete Kelly <>
    * rewrote and fix dump code
    * bugfixes

- Steve Alberty <>
    * rewrote dump code for PHP4
    * mySQL table statistics
    * bugfixes

- Benjamin Gandon <>
    * main author of the version
    * bugfixes

- Alexander M. Turek <>
    * XML exports
    * MySQL 4 related features
    * various small features and fixes
    * German language file updates

- Mike Beck <>
    * automatic joins in QBE
    * links column in printview
    * Relation view

- Michal Cihar <>
    * enhanced index creation/display feature
    * feature to use a different charset for HTML than for MySQL
    * Czech language file updates

- Christophe Gesché from the "MySQL Form Generator for PHPMyAdmin"
    * suggested the patch for multiple table printviews

- Garvin Hicking <>
    * built the patch for vertical display of table rows

- Yukihiro Kawada <>
    * japanese kanji encoding conversion feature

- Piotr Roszatycki <> and Dan Wilson
    * the Cookie authentication mode

- Axel Sander <>
    * table relation-links feature

- Maxime Delorme <>
    * PDF schema output, thanks also to Olivier Plathey for the
      "FPDF" library (see

- Olof Edlund <>
    * SQL validator server

- Ivan R. Lanin <>
    * phpMyAdmin logo

And also to the following people who have contributed minor changes,
enhancements, bugfixes or support for a new language since version 2.1.0:

Bora Alioglu, Ricardo ?, Sven-Erik Andersen, Alessandro Astarita,
Péter Bakondy, Borges Botelho, Olivier Bussier, Neil Darlow,
Mats Engstrom, Ian Davidson, Laurent Dhima, Kristof Hamann, Thomas Kläger,
Lubos Klokner, Martin Marconcini, Girish Nair, David Nordenberg, Andreas Pauley,
Bernard M. Piller, Laurent Haas, "Sakamoto", Yuval Sarna,, Alvar Soome, Siu Sun, Peter Svec, Michael Tacelosky,
Rachim Tamsjadi, Kositer Uros, Luís V., Martijn W. van der Lee,
Algis Vainauskas, Daniel Villanueva, Vinay, Ignacio Vazquez-Abrams, Chee Wai,
Jakub Wilk, Thomas Michael Winningham, Vilius Zigmantas.

Original Credits of Version 2.1.0

    This work is based on Peter Kuppelwieser's MySQL-Webadmin. It was his idea
    to create a web-based interface to MySQL using PHP3. Although I have not
    used any of his source-code, there are some concepts I've borrowed from
    him. phpMyAdmin was created because Peter told me he wasn't going to
    further develop his (great) tool.
    Thanks go to
    - Amalesh Kempf <> who contributed the
      code for the check when dropping a table or database. He also suggested
      that you should be able to specify the primary key on tbl_create.php3. To
      version 1.1.1 he contributed the ldi_*.php3-set (Import text-files) as
      well as a bug-report. Plus many smaller improvements.
    - Jan Legenhausen <>: He made many of the changes that
      were introduced in 1.3.0 (including quite significant ones like the
      authentication). For 1.4.1 he enhanced the table-dump feature. Plus
      bug-fixes and help.
    - Marc Delisle <> made phpMyAdmin
      language-independent by outsourcing the strings to a separate file. He
      also contributed the French translation.
    - Alexandr Bravo <> who contributed
      tbl_select.php3, a feature to display only some fields from a table.
    - Chris Jackson <> added support for MySQL
      functions in tbl_change.php3. He also added the
      "Query by Example" feature in 2.0.
    - Dave Walton <> added support for multiple
      servers and is a regular contributor for bug-fixes.
    - Gabriel Ash <> contributed the random access
      features for 2.0.6.
    The following people have contributed minor changes, enhancements, bugfixes
    or support for a new language:
    Jim Kraai, Jordi Bruguera, Miquel Obrador, Geert Lund, Thomas Kleemann,
    Alexander Leidinger, Kiko Albiol, Daniel C. Chao, Pavel Piankov,
    Sascha Kettler, Joe Pruett, Renato Lins, Mark Kronsbein, Jannis Hermanns,
    G. Wieggers.

    And thanks to everyone else who sent me email with suggestions, bug-reports
    and or just some feedback.

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